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Light Management: A Key Concept in High-Efficiency Perovskite/Silicon Tandem Photovoltaics
The remarkable recent progress in perovskite photovoltaics affords a novel opportunity to advance the power conversion efficiency of market-dominating crystalline silicon (c-Si) solar cells. A severe limiting factor in the development of perovskite/c-Si tandems to date has been their inferior light-harvesting ability compared to single-junction c-Si solar cells, but recent innovations have made impressive headway on this front. Here, we provide a quantitative perspective on future steps to advance perovskite/c-Si tandem photovoltaics from a light-management point of view, addressing key challenges and available strategies relevant to both the 2-terminal and 4-terminal perovskite/c-Si tandem architectures. In particular, we discuss the challenge of achieving low optical reflection in 2-terminal cells, optical shortcomings in state-of-the-art devices, the impact of transparent electrode performance, and a variety of factors which influence the optimal bandgap for perovskite top-cells. Focused attention in each of these areas will be required to make the most of the tandem opportunity.

Authors: D. A. Jacobs, M. Langenhorst, F. Sahli, B. S. Richards, T. P. White, C. Ballif, et al.

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